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Unfit for purpose: A situational analysis of abortion care and gender-based violence

Published:January 28, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colegn.2022.01.003

      Abstract

      Problem

      Timely access to comprehensive abortion care is fundamental to reproductive autonomy; however, factors such as geographical location, politics, and religious influences create obstacles to this goal and may have distressing consequences for people seeking abortions in the context of gender-based violence.

      Aim

      To investigate the broader situational elements of the Australian healthcare environment that affect abortion care for victims of gender-based violence.

      Methodology

      Situational Analysis was used to conduct this study. The lead author interviewed 18 clinicians about their experiences of providing abortion care in the context of gender-based violence. Transcripts were analysed using situational maps, identifying the human and non-human elements affecting clinical care.

      Findings

      Participants believed that patients were “mostly uncatered for.” They described a workforce unprepared to provide abortion care, generally, and gender-based violence interventions more specifically. Clinicians found that their pro-life colleagues centred their own needs, and many revealed that the workplace environments placed clinicians’ and patients’ safety at risk.

      Discussion

      While abortion is a safe and straightforward procedure, the interconnectedness of time sensitivity, stigma, shifting legal landscapes, and high rates of gender-based violence mean that it is probably more complex than the current work models plan for. A trauma-informed integrated approach that protects the safety and wellbeing of patients and staff is needed.

      Conclusion

      Healthcare services should implement streamlined evidence-based and trauma-informed abortion pathways that take full advantage of nurses' and midwives' skills, knowledge, and potential. As a priority, healthcare services should also introduce security measures and protocols to keep staff and patients safe.

      Keywords

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