Advertisement

Determination of the interventions of families intended for the symptoms of children with cancer

      Abstract

      Background

      The presence and the severity of the symptoms that result from cancer and its treatment adversely affect the quality of life, mood, and daily activities of both the patient and the health care providers.

      Objective

      This study aims to determine the use of interventions by families intended for the relief of symptoms in children with cancer.

      Methods

      The Children and Parents Information Form and Form of Interventions used in the Symptom Management were used to collect the data. The data of the study were evaluated as percentages, means by using chi-square test. In all analyses, 5% significance level was used.

      Results

      Among the children, 49% were female and 50.8% were male. There was a statistically significant difference between the interventions of parents regarding the symptoms of children with cancer according to the stage of the disease (p < .001).

      Conclusion

      It is very important that health professionals prepare a training plan that evaluates the symptoms of a child with cancer with a holistic approach, and share this plan to parents.

      Keywords

      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to Collegian
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      References

        • Arslan Z.
        • Yiğit R.
        • Temel G.Ö.
        Identifying and meeting educational needs for child care of the parents of the children with leukemia.
        Mersin University Journal of Health Sciences. 2014; 7: 58-68
        • Barsevick A.M.
        • Irwin M.R.
        • Hinds P.
        • Miller A.
        • Berger A.
        • Jacobsen P.
        • et al.
        Recommendations for high-priority research on cancer-related fatigue in children and adults.
        Journal of the National Cancer Institute. 2013; : 242
        • Bate J.
        • Gibson F.
        • Johnson E.
        • Selwood K.
        • Skinner R.
        • Chisholm J.
        Neutropenic sepsis: Prevention and management of neutropenic sepsis in cancer patients (NICE Clinical Guideline CG151).
        Archives of Disease in Childhood-Education & Practice Edition. 2013; 98: 73-75
        • Ceren E.
        • Gökdemir G.
        • Yıldırmak Z.Y.
        • Köşlü A.
        Common skin findings in children with acute leukemia?.
        The Medical Bulletin of Şişli Etfal Hospital. 2010; 44: 100-105
        • Coles A.
        You look like a boy: Gendered representations of hair loss in books for pediatric cancer patients.
        The Lion and the Unicorn. 2013; 37: 126-142
        • Dupuis L.L.
        • Robinson P.D.
        • Boodhan S.
        • Holdsworth M.
        • Portwine C.
        • Gibson P.
        • et al.
        Guideline for the prevention and treatment of anticipatory nausea and vomiting due to chemotherapy in pediatric cancer patients.
        Pediatric Blood & Cancer. 2014; 61: 1506-1512
        • Esenay F.I.
        • İşler A.
        • Kurugöl Z.
        • Conk Z.
        • Koturoğlu G.
        Mothers’ approach to feverish child and fever phobia.
        Turkish Archives of Pediatrics. 2007; 42: 57-60
        • Fearon K.
        • Strasser F.
        • Anker S.D.
        • Bosaeus I.
        • Bruera E.
        • Fainsinger R.L.
        • et al.
        Definition and classification of cancer cachexia: An international consensus.
        The Lancet Oncology. 2011; 12: 489-495
        • Feudtner C.
        • Freedman J.
        • Kang T.
        • Womer J.W.
        • Dai D.
        • Faerber J.
        Comparative effectiveness of senna to prevent problematic constipation in pediatric oncology patients receiving opioids: A multicenter study of clinically detailed administrative data.
        Journal of Pain and Symptom Management. 2014; 48: 272-280
        • Fortier M.A.
        • Wahi A.
        • Bruce C.
        • Maurer E.L.
        • Stevenson R.
        Pain management at home in children with cancer: A daily diary study.
        Pediatric Blood & Cancer. 2014; 61: 1029-1033
        • Gage-Bouchard E.A.
        • Devine K.A.
        • Heckler C.E.
        The relationship between socio-demographic characteristics, family environment, and caregiver coping in families of children with cancer.
        Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings. 2013; 20: 478-487
        • Gold J.I.
        • Yetwin A.K.
        • Mahrer N.E.
        • Carson M.C.
        • Griffin A.T.
        • Palmer S.N.
        • et al.
        Pediatric chronic pain and health-related quality of life.
        Journal of Pediatric Nursing. 2009; 24: 141-150
        • Hintistan S.
        • Çilingir D.
        • Nural N.
        • Gürsoy A.A.
        Applications of patients with hematologic cancers for experienced symptoms due to chemotherapy.
        Gümüşhane University Journal of Health Sciences. 2012; 1: 153-164
        • Hockenberry M.J.
        • Hooke M.C.
        • Gregurich M.
        • McCarthy K.
        • Sambuco G.
        • Krull K.
        Symptom clusters in children and adolescents receiving cisplatin, doxorubicin, or ifosfamide.
        Oncology Nursing. 2010; 37: 16-27
        • Kantar M.
        Cancer child nutrition.
        Medical Journal of Clinical Pediatrics. 2012; 2: 26-29
        • Karaman N.
        • Sarı N.
        • İlhan İ.E
        Chemotherapy induced taste and smell changes in pediatric cancer patients.
        Turkish Journal of Oncology. 2013; 28: 101-104
        • Kestler S.A.
        • LoBiondo-Wood G.
        Review of symptom experiences in children and adolescents with cancer.
        Cancer Nursing. 2012; 35: 31-49
        • Lehrnbecher T.
        • Phillips R.
        • Alexander S.
        • Alvaro F.
        • Carlesse F.
        • Fisher B.
        • et al.
        Guideline for the management of fever and neutropenia in children with cancer and/or undergoing hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation.
        Journal of Clinical Oncology. 2012; 30: 4427-4438
        • Long K.A.
        • Marsland A.L.
        Family adjustment to childhood cancer: A systematic review?.
        Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review. 2011; 14: 57-88
        • Martin S.
        • Calabrese S.K.
        • Wolters P.L.
        • Walker K.A.
        • Warren K.
        • Hazra R.
        Family functioning and coping styles in families of children with cancer and HIV disease?.
        Clinical Pediatrics. 2012; 51: 58-64
        • McGuire D.B.
        • Fulton J.S.
        • Park J.
        • Brown C.G.
        • Correa M.E.P.
        • Eilers J.
        • et al.
        Systematic review of basic oral care for the management of oral mucositis in cancer patients.
        Supportive Care in Cancer. 2013; 21: 3165-3177
        • Mego M.
        • Holec V.
        • Drgona L.
        • Hainova K.
        • Ciernikova S.
        • Zajac V.
        Probiotic bacteria in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
        Complementary Therapies in Medicine. 2013; 21: 712-723
        • Miller E.
        • Jacob E.
        • Hockenberry M.J.
        Nausea, pain, fatigue, and multiple symptoms in hospitalized children with cancer.
        Oncology Nursing Forum. 2011; 38: 382-393
        • Miller M.M.
        • Donald D.V.
        • Hagemann T.M.
        Prevention and treatment of oral mucositis in children with cancer.
        The Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics. 2012; 17: 340-350
        • Mueller E.L.
        • Walkovich K.J.
        • Yanik G.A.
        • Clark S.J.
        Variation in management of fever and neutropenia among pediatric patients with cancer: A survey of providers in Michigan.
        Pediatric Hematology and Oncology. 2015; 32: 331-340
        • Mustian K.M.
        • Sprod L.K.
        • Janelsins M.
        • Peppone L.J.
        • Mohile S.
        Exercise recommendations for cancer-related fatigue, cognitive impairment, sleep problems, depression, pain, anxiety, and physical dysfunction: A review.
        Oncology & Hematology Review. 2012; 8: 81
        • Niemelä M.
        • Hakko H.
        • Räsänen S.
        A systematic narrative review of the studies on structured child-centred interventions for families with a parent with cancer?.
        Psycho-Oncology. 2010; 19: 451-461
        • Oldenmenger W.H.
        • Smitt P.A.S.
        • van Dooren S.
        • Stoter G.
        • van der Rijt C.C.
        A systematic review on barriers hindering adequate cancer pain management and interventions to reduce them: A critical appraisal.
        European Journal of Cancer. 2009; 45: 1370-1380
        • Pai V.
        • Porter K.
        • Ranalli M.
        Octreotide acetate is efficacious and safe in children for treating diarrhea due to chemotherapy but not acute graft versus host disease.
        Pediatric Blood & Cancer. 2011; 56: 45-49
        • Pashankar F.D.
        • Season J.H.
        • McNamara J.
        • Pashankar D.S.
        Acute constipation in children receiving chemotherapy for cancer.
        Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology. 2011; 33: 300-303
        • Peek G.
        • Melnyk B.M.
        Coping interventions for parents of children newly diagnosed with cancer: An evidence review with implications for clinical practice and future research.
        Pediatric Nursing. 2010; 36: 306
        • Peterson A.M.
        • Harper F.W.
        • Albrecht T.L.
        • Taub J.W.
        • Orom H.
        • Phipps S.
        • et al.
        Parent caregiver self-efficacy and child reactions to pediatric cancer treatment procedures?.
        Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing. 2014; 31: 18-27
        • Pöder U.
        • Ljungman G.
        • von Essen L.
        Parents’ perceptions of their children's cancer-related symptoms during treatment: A prospective, longitudinal study.
        Journal of Pain and Symptom Management. 2010; 40: 661-670
        • Rodgers C.
        • Norville R.
        • Taylor O.
        • Poon C.
        • Hesselgrave J.
        • Gregurich M.A.
        • et al.
        Children's coping strategies for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting.
        Oncology Nursing Forum. 2012; 39: 202-209
        • Ruggiero A.
        • Coccia P.
        • Arena R.
        • Maurizi P.
        • Battista A.
        • Ridola V.
        • et al.
        Efficacy and safety of transdermal buprenorphine in the management of children with cancer-related pain.
        Pediatric Blood & Cancer. 2013; 60: 433-437
        • Qutob A.F.
        • Allen G.
        • Gue S.
        • Revesz T.
        • Logan R.M.
        • Keefe D.
        Implementation of a hospital oral care protocol and recording of oral mucositis in children receiving cancer treatment.
        Supportive Care in Cancer. 2013; 21: 1113-1120
        • Sevinir B.
        Mucositis.
        in: Özkan A. Pediatric oncology. Nobel Medicine Bookshop, İstanbul2009: 1283-1300
        • Sposito A.M.P.
        • Silva-Rodrigues F.M.
        • Sparapani V.D.C.
        • Pfeifer L.I.
        • de Lima R.A.G.
        • Nascimento L.C.
        Coping strategies used by hospitalized children with cancer undergoing chemotherapy.
        Journal of Nursing Scholarship. 2015; 47: 143-151
        • Steinbach S.
        • Hummel T.
        • Böhner C.
        • Berktold S.
        • Hundt W.
        • Kriner M.
        • et al.
        Qualitative and quantitative assessment of taste and smell changes in patients undergoing chemotherapy for breast cancer or gynecologic malignancies?.
        Journal of Clinical Oncology. 2009; 27: 1899-1905
        • Suzuki H.
        • Asakawa A.
        • Amitani H.
        • Nakamura N.
        • Inui A.
        Cancer cachexia—Pathophysiology and management.
        Journal of Gastroenterology. 2013; 48: 574-594
        • Taş F.
        • Yılmaz H.B.
        Quality of life concept in pediatric oncology patients?.
        Turkish Journal of Oncology. 2008; 23: 104-107
        • Woodgate R.L.
        • Degner L.F.
        • Yanofsky R.
        A different perspective to approaching cancer symptoms in children.
        Journal of Pain and Symptom Management. 2003; 26: 800-817
        • Woodgate R.L.
        • Degner L.F.
        Expectations and beliefs about children's cancer symptoms: Perspectives of children with cancer and their families?.
        Oncology Nursing Forum. 2002; 30: 479-491
        • Ünsar S.
        • Fındık Ü.Y.
        • Kurt S.
        • Özcan H.
        Home care and symptom control in patients with cancer.
        Fırat Journal of Health Services. 2007; 2: 89-106
        • Vance Y.H.
        • Eiser C.
        The school experience of the child with cancer.
        Child: Care, Health & Development. 2002; 28: 5-19
        • Yılmaz M.Ç.
        Evidence-based practices for managing mucositis.
        International Journal of Hematology and Oncology. 2007; 4: 241-246
        • Yılmaz H.B.
        • Muslu G.K.
        • Taş F.
        • Başbakkal Z.
        • Kantar M.
        Parental views regarding symptoms in children with cancer and recognition of cancer-related fatigue?.
        Turkish Journal of Oncology. 2009; 24: 122-127
        • Zhukovsky D.S.
        • Rozmus C.L.
        • Robert R.S.
        • Bruera E.
        • Wells R.J.
        • Chisholm G.B.
        • et al.
        Symptom profiles in children with advanced cancer: Patient, family caregiver, and oncologist ratings.
        Cancer. 2015; 121: 4080-4087