Research Article| Volume 20, ISSUE 2, P87-93, June 2013

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Becoming willing to role model. Reciprocity between new graduate nurses and experienced practice nurses in general practice in New Zealand: A constructivist grounded theory

  • Karen J. Hoare
    Corresponding author at: School of Nursing and Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92 019, Auckland 1142, New Zealand. Tel.: +64 21 1398951; fax: +64 9 303 5932.
    Monash University, Australia

    Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care and School of Nursing, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92 019, Auckland 1142, New Zealand
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  • Jane Mills
    School of Nursing, Midwifery and Nutrition, James Cook University, PO Box 6811, Cairns, QLD 4870, Australia
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  • Karen Francis
    School of Nursing, Midwifery and Indigenous Health, Charles Sturt University, Locked Bag 588, Wagga Wagga, NSW 2678, Australia
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      Graduate nurses in general practice became a feature of New Zealand's health care system in 2008 following an expansion of the New Entrant to Practice Programme. General practice in New Zealand comprises general practitioner business owners who employ nursing and administration staff. Practice nurses are an ageing workforce in New Zealand, it is imperative therefore to attract younger nurses into general practice. This paper reports a section of the findings from a constructivist grounded theory study which examines the use of information by practice nurses in New Zealand. Initially data were collected using the ethnographic technique of observation and field notations in one general practice. Theoretical sensitivity to the value of role models was heightened by this first phase of data collection. A total of eleven practice nurses were interviewed from six general practices. One practice nurse agreed to a second interview; five of the interviewees were new graduate nurses and the other six were experienced practice nurses. The grounded theory constructed from this research was reciprocal role modelling which comprises the following three categories, becoming willing, realising potential and becoming a better practitioner. Graduate nurses and experienced practice nurses enter into a relationship of reciprocal role modelling. Becoming willing, the first core category of this grounded theory features three sub-categories: building respectful relationships, proving yourself and discerning decision making which are reported in this paper. Findings from this study may address the reported phenomenon of ‘transition shock’ of newly graduated nurses in the work place.


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